In both the 1900 and the 1910 U.S. Federal Censuses, my 2nd-great-grandfather and brickwall ancestor James W. BARBER is listed as being a naturalized citizen. So if he was indeed naturalized, it's likely that it occurred by 1900.
Since James lived in Michigan from the time he immigrated from Canada (c. 1876) until his death in 1912, I need to look for a Michigan naturalization record.The state of Michigan has online naturalization records indexes for the following counties here: Allegan, Alpena, Antrim, Barry, Bay, Chippewa, Clare, Clinton, Crawford, Delta, Dickinson, Eaton, Genesee, Grand Traverse, Huron, Iosco, Iron, Isabella, Kalamazoo, Kent, Lake, Lapeer, Lenawee, Mackinac, Macomb, Marquette, Mason, Newaygo, Oakland, Ontonagon, Otsego, Ottawa, St. Clair and Sanilac.There is also an online index to naturalization papers of the U.S. Circuit Court, Eastern District of Michigan (Detroit), 1837 - 1903 and the Iosco County naturalization index, 1885 - 1910 available on Ancestry, with the later database being free to search for non-subscribers. Furthermore, the website for Tuscola County at the American Local History Network lists a naturalization index for 1850 - 1880. All this information was gathered at Joe Beine's Online Searchable Naturalization Indexes and Records page.
Because I've been able to find James living in Lapeer, Oakland, Genesee, and Ingham Counties, I searched for him at the state of Michigan site in the first three counties mentioned. No luck. I also searched the Detroit index on Ancestry. Still no luck. I went back to the Michigan state site and searched Clinton, Macomb and St. Clair Counties, since they border or are near the counties I know James lived in. Nada. I returned to Ancestry and took a look at all their naturalization databases, running James's name through each one. Nothing.
I think it's time to look for a naturalization record offline. That will be the subject of my next Madness Monday post.
This Madness Monday series featuring my brickwall ancestor, James W. BARBER (1841 - 1912) has been written to highlight and analyze all records of this individual with the hope that I can eventually uncover information that will lead to his specific birthplace and the names of his parents and any siblings he may have had. Other posts on this topic include:
The Obituary of James W. BARBER
Cemetery Records of James W. BARBER
James W. BARBER in the 1910 U.S. Federal Census
The Death Notice of James W. BARBER's son, Orlando
Update to James W. BARBER in the 1910 U.S. Federal Census
James W. BARBER in the 1900 U.S. Federal Census